What are genital warts?

A sexually transmitted infection (STI) that results in genital warts is the human papillomavirus (HPV). Growths that develop in or on the penis, vagina, or anus are referred to as genital warts.

Sexual contact that is genital,  Best Genital warts anal, or oral can transmit genital warts. When a mother gives birth, she might potentially pass them on to the child.

What increases my risk for genital warts?

without using a condom or another type of protection during intercourse

Several sexual partners:

a compromised immune system brought on by cancer, HIV, or other STIs


What are the signs and symptoms of genital warts?
Genital warts can be pink, red, or brown and have a flat or dome-like form. It may itch or burn as the warts spread. If many warts develop at the same time, they may hurt. The warts may eventually resemble cauliflower. When you touch them, they could feel gritty and wet.

How are genital warts diagnosed?

Your doctor will examine you and inquire about your sexual behaviour. He or she will examine your penis, vagina, or anus under a light. Any of the following tests might be required:

Your healthcare professional will apply a solution to the afflicted region to perform an acetic acid test. White warts are produced by the treatment.
It is possible to take a sample of one or more warts and send it for analysis. The tests may reveal if you are more likely to develop specific cancers, such as cervical cancer.
If you have HPV or other cervical issues, a Pap smear may reveal this. Your cervix’s cells are taken as a sample and submitted for analysis.
You will be examined by a medical professional who will also inquire about your sexual behaviour. Your penis, vagina, or anus will be examined with a light by the doctor. Any of the below exams might be required:

Your doctor will apply a solution to the injured region and do an acetic acid test:

One or more warts may have a sample taken and sent for testing. The tests might reveal whether you are more susceptible to developing particular cancers, such cervical cancer.
Your HPV status and other cervical issues may be revealed through a Pap smear. A sample of your cervix’s cells is taken and submitted for analysis.
You will get a physical examination, and your doctor will inquire about your sexual behaviour. Your anus, penis, and vagina will be examined under a light by the doctor. The following tests could be required of you:

When your doctor applies a solution to the injured region:

this is known as an acetic acid test. The warts became white after using the remedy.
Warts can be removed, and a sample of them can be sent for analysis. The examinations might reveal whether you are more likely to get specific cancers, such cervical cancer.
If you have HPV or other cervical issues, a Pap test may be able to detect them. Your cervix is sampled, and the cells are then submitted for analysis.

How are genital warts treated?

Tiny genital warts may disappear on their own. The warts may occasionally enlarge or you may develop more of them. Therapy may help women avoid cervical cancer and may help you stop transmitting warts to others. Moreover, treatment might help you feel better by removing your symptoms.

Any one of the following may be required:

Drugs: Immunomodulators can be used to treat genital warts and boost immune function.
Antiproliferatives aid in preventing the expansion or proliferation of genital warts.
Antivirals aid in regulating and halting the spread of viruses like HPV.
Procedures: Genital warts are frozen and destroyed using liquid nitrogen through a process called cryotherapy.
Genital warts are burned to death by electrocautery.
Larger or thicker objects might be removed using a laser.

How can I help prevent the spread of genital warts?

Avoid touching or rubbing the warts. As a result, the infection may spread to other bodily areas.
When receiving treatment for genital warts, avoid having intercourse. Condoms and diaphragms become weaker when you apply medicine to your skin. Also, your spouse might get genital warts from you.
Obtain routine Pap tests. This can assist in identifying HPV and halt its spread if you are a female.

How can I manage my symptoms?

Inform your sexual partners that you are receiving genital wart treatment. Also, they could be sick and require care.
Purchase an HPV vaccination. To help prevent genital warts and cervical cancer, the HPV vaccination is given to children between the ages of 9 and 26. For further details about this vaccination, see your healthcare professional.

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

You get genital warts once more.
While genital warts are being treated, the skin becomes very painful or inflamed.
On a different area of your body, you spot or feel brand-new warts.
You have queries or worries regarding your health or treatment.

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